This is the module containing definitions of all relevant anatomical classes (primarily neuroanatomy) from BIRNLex_Anatomy.owl (http://purl.org/nbirn/birnlex/ontology/BIRNLex-Anatomy.owl). The neuroanatomical framework will eventually derive it's foundational layer from the Common Anatomy Reference Ontology (and the more specific Mouse Anatomy Reference Ontology), once these resources are available. This will also be submitted on it's own as a OBO Foundry candidate ontology.
2.4; October 08, 2015.
v.1.1 (July, 2009) - Addition of new classes from NeuroLex wiki. * Total
114 new classes added since January Release ( ID used: nlx_anat_20081201
to nlx_anat_20090704) * Partonmoy relations (using ro:has_proper_part
restriction) between brain regions have been enhanced from NeuroLex
v.1.2 (October 12, 2009) - * Addition of 30 new classes and enhaced various partonomy relations from NeuroLex. * Minor hierarchical chages commited to simplify the basic is-a hierarchy and make the partonomies more intutive and inferrable.
v.1.3 (October 21, 2011) - Added new partomic restrictions in brain anatomy.
v.1.5 (April 26, 2012) - All parts of brain are directly asserted as 'Regional parts of brain'. Inferred Classification produce the appropriate specific regional part of brain. Addition of more partonomic restrictions from NeuroLex.
v.1.6 (June 21, 2012) - Additional partonomic restrictions from NeuroLex.
v. 1.7(July 11, 2012) - Additional partonmic restrictions for Spinal cord from NeuroLex.
v. 1.8 (July 16, 2012) - The classes 'Anatomical entity' and 'Anatomical cavity' are moved under Independent Continuant (from Material entity).
v. 1.9 (July 18, 2012) - Additional partonomy restrictions asserted for Spinal cord.
v. 2.0 (December 5, 2012) - Additional partonomy restrictions. Resolved some of the reasoning issues.
v. 2.1 (July 13, 2013) - Additional partonomy restrictions from NeuroLex. Resolved some of the reasoning issues. Has mappings with UBERON.
v. 2.3 (July 15, 2013) - Old PURLs are replaced with the new ones for OBO ontology entities.
v. 2.4 (October 08, 2015) - Added cortical partonomy from fma.
Brain parts organization in NIF-Anatomy: The brain can be divided into many different types of parts, depending on the criteria and the techniques used. Neurolex currently divides up brain parts into several different super categories. We established these different categories to make it easier for contributors to keep these different types of brain parts straight, without having to worry too much about assigning other relations. Eventually, these different categories will be related to each other within the NIFSTD ontologies by the NIF knowledge engineers.
* Regional part: A division of a structure that can be recognized by gross anatomical features,
cytoarchitecture or chemoarchitecture, e.g., cerebral cortex is a regional part of brain.
* o Cytoarchitectural part: A division of a brain structure that is based on the organization of cell bodies,
usually revealed by a Nissl stain. e.g., CA1 is a cytoarchitectural part of the hippocampus.
* o Chemoarchitectural part: A division of a brain structure based on the distribution of some chemical
marker, e.g., the patch/matrix division of the caudate nucleus
* Aggregate part: A brain structure that is composed of many different parts that are distributed in location,
e.g., basal ganglia
* Composite part spanning many brain regions: A brain part whose subdivisions are found throughout the
neuraxis, e.g., the corticospinal tract. We are still considering whether this category is useful, but as we
are trying to avoid assigning multiple parents to structures, we thought that it would be useful to have
this category separate.
(Maryann Martone, May 6, 2009)
Top level terms and selected core NIF_GrossAnatomy terms
Number of SPARQL queries: